Seattle Office of Planning and Community Development

Seattle Office of Planning and Community Development

Industrial and Maritime Strategy and Analysis

CAI is a part of an ongoing and comprehensive effort by the City of Seattle to identify and codify strategies to protect and support industrial, maritime, and port operations. This effort has included a report on the industrial and maritime conditions in four areas of the City: Ballard, Interbay, Georgetown/South Park, and SODO. This report, extensive industrial and local outreach, and additional analysis will inform updates to the Industrial Land Comprehensive Plan, zoning code, and other industrial and maritime land use recommendations with the ultimate goal of creating an Industrial and Maritime Strategy that is future-oriented and centers opportunities for BIPOC, youth, and women workers and residents.

Specifically, CAI conducted a feasibility analysis for development prototypes to support ongoing implementation of the Seattle Industrial and Maritime Strategy. CAI prepared pro forma models of 6-8 development prototypes within Seattle’s industrial areas based on OPCD assumptions on the architectural characteristics of each development prototype. Pro forma models were developed to address three concepts: traditional industrial development, industry & innovation concept, and urban industrial concept. The analysis evaluated the economic viability of the development prototypes. The economic modeling provided information that the City can consider to determine the extent to which development for these three concepts would be economically viable using real estate industry standard metrics and tools, such as residual land value. The two following maps show the result of CAI’s analysis under two scenarios: a Limited Alternative, which strengthens industrial and maritime sector land use protections while also accommodating emerging industrial trends and other dense employment uses (above, left) and a Targeted Alternative, which applies similar tools and approaches as the Limited alternative to a larger geographic area (above, right).

The Seattle Office of Planning and Community Development relies on these findings to craft a sustainable and equitable set of policies for industrial and maritime sectors.

American Library Association Project Outcome

America Library Association Project Outcome

Multi-user Survey Management Application and Dashboard

Project Outcome allows every public and research library to quickly create and implement user surveys and analyze results quickly and easily. 

Community Attributes Inc., initially built a custom data dashboard tool to create simple, effective reports for the existing survey platform. CAI took over the development of the survey tools in 2018, and has added international multi-language support and enhanced group and data management, benchmarking and survey tools, to support both Public Library Systems and Academic and College Research Library Systems around the world.  

The dashboard and analysis tools include an automated report generator that allows library users to create polished PDF reports in seconds, analyzing both quantitative survey responses, and qualitative using our natural language processing tools. Users can customize reports with in an intuitive interface, using images, infographics, text and survey results. 

To date, over 400,000 survey results have been collected from over 2,000 library systems, and more are added each day. Library systems can easily gather data and understand the results of their programs, and more effectively tell the story of the benefit they provide to their communities.

 In addition to generating detailed infographic from the survey results, users can save the infographics for use in reports, as well as embed the dynamic infographics in an public-facing web page, as shown below.  


Port of Seattle Equity Map

Port of Seattle Equity Map

Equity Index and Data Mapping Platform for King County

The Port of Seattle’s facilities, operations and mission significantly impact the regional economy. As part of their efforts to foster greater equity within the region, the Port of Seattle retained CAI to help them develop a set of indicators and public online equity mapping tool. 

The equity map spans King County and comprises 21 indicators in the categories of Economy, Livability, Accessibility and the Environment. Using a methodology developed by the Kirwan Institute for Race and Social Justice, the map compares the relative values of the indicators across the study area.  

Users can select a city or area on the map and see the relative value of the indicators and the Equity Index  and its components as well as how the indicator values are distributed across King County. 

The Port has used the Equity Index to inform $10 million in grantmaking through the South King County Fund.  As more departments, and stakeholders become aware of the map, the Port anticipates additional resources to be allocated to advance racial and social justice in King County. 

To see the published version of the Port of Seattle’s Equity Map, click here.  

If you’d like to learn more about how how an equity index and mapping tool can support your equity goals, please contact us at 206-523-6683 or by email to

Aerospace Workforce Analsysis

Aerospace in Washington

Economic Impacts and Workforce Analysis

Aerospace Works for Washington is a statewide coalition of elected, business and community leaders working to ensure Washington state remains a leader in aerospace.  To develop effective strategies, and communicate with stakeholders, AWW commissioned CAI to develop a model of workforce supply and demand, and economic impact of the sector. 

If you have questions about this report, or would like to learn more about CAI’s talent pipeline model, and approach to economic impact and workforce analysis, please get in touch at 206-523-6683 or by email to 


The aerospace industry in Washington, anchored by The Boeing Company, continues to be a major pillar of the statewide economy, and a leading source of employment and wealth creation across the state. Key findings from this study are as follows:

  • In 2018, the aerospace industry generated an estimated $71 billion in gross revenues in Washington state. Revenues appear to have increased since 2017, thereby sustaining a trend of much higher revenues relative to prior years. From 2002 to 2011, statewide revenues averaged $40 billion. From 2012 through 2018, revenues averaged $68 billion (all inflation adjusted, 2018 dollars).
  • In 2018, Washington state’s aerospace workforce is estimated to have reached 83,400 workers, about the same or down slightly from the average annual employment in 2017, industry wide. These workers were employed across 199 establishments. Jobs at Boeing increased in 2018, adding 4,000 jobs, which may portend industry wide gains continuing into 2019.Since 2002, when the number of aerospace workers were at 75,700, there have been numerous ups and downs in the aerospace industry globally, which were reflected over the years in the ups and downs of the aerospace workforce in Washington.
  • Total estimated aerospace labor compensation in 2018 totaled $12.4billion, very slightly down from 2017. In 2018, the average annual wage paid per worker was $116,770 (compared to roughly, and an estimated $63,000 across all industries and all workers in Washington in 2018).
  • The total economic impact of the aerospace industry in Washington state in 2018 included 223,700 jobs, $20.5 billion in labor income, and $94.4 billion in business revenues. Between 2012 and 2018, the total economic impact of aerospace has increased from $80.6 billion, in 2018 dollars, to $94.4 billion. Total labor compensation impacts decreased from $21.1 billion (2018 $) to $20.5 billion. Total jobs have decreased, reflecting productivity gains in the industry in Washington.

Aerospace Workforce Supply and Demand
Across the Washington state aerospace industry, more than 62,300 employees work in 56 core aerospace industry occupations. These core occupations represent only a portion of total employment within the aerospace industry. Overall employment within the aerospace industry includes employment in other occupations that are commonly found in other industries, as well. Core aerospace industry occupation employment is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 0.8% between 2021 and 2026. In total, annual openings in core aerospace industry occupations are projected to total more than 6,000 per year between 2021 and 2026. Annual openings include new jobs created due to growth as well as job openings created by existing employees exiting employment to retire, move or change occupations.
Annual openings are those openings that are projected to be filled annually and do not account for job openings that go unfilled. In 2018, across Washington, there were an average of more than 150,500 job postings per month, according to Help Wanted Online data from The Conference Board. Key aerospace occupation groups had thousands of job postings monthly. Engineering occupations averaged nearly 3,900 job postings per month. Production occupations, including supervisors, assemblers and fabricators, and metal and plastic workers had an average of nearly 2,000 job postings per month.

The Aerospace Workforce Supply and Demand Dashboard presented below shows occupations in the aerospace industry grouped by minimum education level required for entry and ranked by average annual openings within the industry from 2021 to 2026. In some cases, the actual education required by Washington state employers may be different from the minimum education level categories defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Overall findings include the following:

  • Between 2021 and 2026 Washington is forecasted to have a net shortage of 2,651 among core aerospace occupations annually.
  •  Among 56 core aerospace occupations, 39 are projected to experience an undersupply of qualified workers from Washington annually.
  •  Core aerospace occupations span a wide diversity of skills ranging from aerospace engineers to machinists to software developers and computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers.
  •  Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging and systems assemblers in the aerospace industry are forecasted to have an annual shortage of 800 workers, the largest projected talent gap in the industry. Qualified candidates from Washington are projected to fill just 22% of annual openings.
  •  Several occupations are forecasted to experience large surpluses in local workforce supply: industrial engineering technicians; architectural and engineering managers; industrial production managers; and electro-mechanical technicians are each projected to experience surpluses greater than 100 qualified candidates annually.

Local and Regional Impacts
The large numbers of statewide impacts sometimes overshadow an understanding of how local communities benefit from aerospace and its employees that live and shop in their communities. Aerospace workers live relatively near their workplaces. Worker residences are concentrated in Western Washington counties, up and down nearly the entirety of the I-5 corridor, including many workers living on the eastern side of I-5 counties.

Everett, Marysville, Arlington and surrounding rural areas rank highest in worker residents, working out of facilities north of Seattle. Renton area and Kent industrial valley workers are more dispersed throughout urban areas in Western Washington.
Spending patterns of Aerospace workers in their places of residence provide an understanding of local impacts from Aerospace

In the Everett and Lynnwood area, Aerospace workers and spending support a tremendous amount of business activity. These workers support the equivalent of three car dealerships, or a total of 1,800 cars each year purchased by aerospace workers. Typical dining out patterns, assuming most of their spending is local to them, support $76 million in sales at restaurants and drinking places, which equates to nearly 1,300 restaurant workers and 89 individual restaurants. Additional retail spending by aerospace workers supports nearly 900,000 square feet of retail space, nearly $300 million in retail sales.

North Everett to Arlington
Northward from Everett into Arlington, aerospace workers support the equivalent of one to two car dealerships, or a total of 600 cars each year purchased by aerospace workers. Dining patterns support an estimated $24 million in sales at restaurants and drinking places, which equates to more than 400 restaurant workers and roughly 28 individual restaurants. Additional retail spending by Aerospace workers supports nearly 270,000 square feet of retail space and nearly $87 million in retail sales. The equivalent of 27 doctors and dentist offices are supported as well, summing to 600 jobs.

From Auburn to Renton, aerospace workers support the equivalent of two car dealerships, or a total of 800 cars per year purchased by aerospace workers. Typical dining out patterns, assuming half of their spending is local to them, supports $37 million in sales at restaurants and drinking places, which equates to more than 600 restaurant workers and roughly 43 individual restaurants. Additional retail spending by Aerospace workers supports more than 400,000 square feet of retail space, $130 million in retail sales. The equivalent of 51 doctors and dentist offices are supported by aerospace workers, totaling nearly 900 jobs.

Pierce and South King County.
In Pierce County communities, and the southern portion of King County, aerospace workers support the equivalent of one to three car dealerships, or a total of 1,200 cars per year purchased by Aerospace workers. Typical dining out patterns, assuming half of their spending is local to them, supports $54 million in sales at restaurants and drinking places, which equates to more than 900 restaurant workers and roughly 63 individual restaurants. Retail spending by aerospace workers supports nearly 600,000 square feet of retail space, nearly $200 million in retail sales. In terms of healthcare, aerospace workers support the equivalent of 55 doctors and dentist offices, or a total of 1,300 jobs.

Casey Family Community Opportunity Map

Casey Family Services

Community Opportunity Map

CAI teamed up with Casey Family Programs to customize our mapping platform to develop the Community Opportunity Map, an interactive tool that highlights the aspects of communities that are associated with safe children and strong families. This interactive, research-based framework is composed of select U.S. Census Bureau indicators and is available for any community in the nation to use. It was informed by significant evidence of the community factors correlated with child maltreatment and a healthy community framework developed by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. 

 The tool maps community indicators at geographic levels defined by the user, from the state level down to neighborhoods. Casey Family Programs’ goal for the tool is to be used by community members, policymakers, child welfare leaders, city government officials, and other stakeholders to build hope and promote well-being for families and children. View the map!

PSRC Industrial Lands

Puget Sound Regional Council

Industrial Lands Analysis

The Puget Sound Regional Council contracted CAI to assess economic activity on industrial land in the central Puget Sound region, including analysis of industry forecasts and the region’s ability to accommodate economic growth on industrial lands, given changing patterns in manufacturing, urban development, and economic shifts. The report addresses:

  • Characterization of the current inventory of industrial lands
  • How the quantity and distribution of industrial lands has changed since 1998?
  • Where are key clusters of industries located? 
  • Relationships between industrial lands and employment in the region
  • What are the region’s unique assets that could help retain and expand current industrial activity and attract new industrial users? 
  • What is the overall contribution to the regional economy of our industrial lands?

As a part of this analysis, seventeen distinct industrial subareas were identified (shown at left) for more detailed analysis, based on contiguity and general character of each area. 

CAI then developed profiles of each subarea using metrics including jobs, business revenue, and site specifics. The subareas were characterized as regional or countywide manufacturing and industrial centers. 


The Puget Sound region is projected to add almost 84,000 industrial jobs on industrial lands before 2040. This report provided clear and detailed analysis of industrial land supply and demand to help stakeholders and decisionmakers craft land use and economic development policies and city policies throughout the region. 


Economic Alliance Snohomish County

Employment Lands Inventory

In 2020, the Snohomish County Economic and Workforce Recovery Task Force partnered with Economic Alliance Snohomish County (EASC) to develop an inventory of large potential employment sites located throughout Snohomish County that may be available to support employment uses, location, and expansion. The website-based employment land inventory identifies sites that may be ready for new private investment and details sites throughout Snohomish County that can support business attraction and expansion in communities impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

EASC and its partners in regional economic development can easily share sites with site selectors, and prioritize infrastructure to support new business attraction and key industries in the region. 

Tacoma Equity Map

Tacoma Equity Map

This data mapping application operationalizes the complex concepts of equity and access to opportunity in a user-friendly format

The City of Tacoma made equity a core component of its comprehensive plan, Tacoma 2025. As part of that effort, they developed a draft version of the Tacoma Equity Index, comprised of a series of indicators and metrics, and a way of aggregating the metrics into the Index, a single number that represents the relative access to opportunity for each of the block groups within the City.

CAI developed a public-facing online version of the index allow stakeholders to explore the data, understand how the interaction of factors combine to create opportunity, and advocate for policies and programs to increase equity across the City of Tacoma.

CAI has continued to support the City of Tacoma as agencies and governmental partners have adopted the Equity Index as a component in decisions, policies, and budgets.

The equity framework has been expanded to encompass Pierce County, and engage public utility companies and transit agencies.

Both the Tacoma Equity Index and Map have received media coverage from experts in community planning and spatial data analysis: